Quick Answer: Why Is The Mekong River In Laos Such A Promising Site For The Generation Of Hydroelectricity?

Why is the Mekong River important to Laos?

The Mekong River connects China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam physically and economically. The river is a lifeline for the entire basin, sustaining economies and livelihoods across the entire region.

What is the importance of Mekong River?

The Mekong River is an important resource for millions of people in Asia as it runs through China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. This poses a challenge for the countries to ensure that all the people in the region benefit from its rich and diverse ecosystems.

How will the Mekong River generate energy?

Around 60 million people live on the river and derive an income from it in the Lower Mekong Basin countries. But the river is increasingly used to generate renewable energy in the form of dozens of dams for huge hydropower projects.

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How many hydropower dams have been built along the Mekong River?

In the Upper Mekong River Basin (UMB), extensive hydropower development has also occurred as part of China’s development strategy. China has constructed 11 hydropower dams, of which two are large storage dams, along the mainstream in the Upper Mekong Basin.

Does the Mekong River have crocodiles?

The Mekong, its floodplains and tributaries support huge collections of unique flora and fauna including, critically endangered freshwater Irrawaddy dolphins, the world’s largest freshwater fish – the Giant freshwater stingray – giant turtles, Mekong giant catfish, waterbirds, and Siamese crocodiles.

Why do people from Laos call the Mekong mother Mekong?

Mother Mekong | WWF. Generations of fishermen have depended on the Mekong River’s bounty. Now, overfishing and proposed dams threaten the ecosystem and the well-being of millions of people in six countries. “We call the river mae nam khon, which in Lao means Mother Mekong, because it gives us so much in our life.”

How does the Mekong River help the economy?

The Mekong plays a crucial role in the economies of LMB countries. It supports one of the world’s largest inland fisheries, which has a total economic value estimated at US$17 billion – about three per cent of the region’s combined gross domestic product.

What would happen if the Mekong River was threatened?

It would irreversibly change the ecosystem that over 60 million people rely on for food, and will likely result in the extinction of the iconic Mekong giant catfish and other fish species.

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What problems does the Mekong River face today?

impacts, such as diminished river-bank agricultural and fishing opportunities. High exposure to severe storms, large populations living in low-lying areas, and relatively low adaptive capacity of institutions make Greater Mekong countries extremely vulnerable to climate change.

Are dams killing the Mekong River?

The swirling currents of the once mighty Mekong, shrunk by drought and increasingly crippled by dams, point towards an unprecedented crisis of water governance along the more than 4,900km of South-east Asia’s longest river. China embarked on a massive dam programme with 11 dams already operating on the Upper Mekong.

How is China destroying the Mekong River?

A U.S.-government funded study by research and consulting firm, Eyes on Earth, found that Chinese dams are holding back large amounts of water upstream on the Mekong, which exacerbated a severe drought in the Southeast Asian countries downstream last year. China dismissed the scientific report as “groundless.”

What countries besides China use the Mekong River?

About three-fourths of the drainage area of the Mekong lies within the four countries the river traverses on its lower course— Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.

What are the negatives of the Mekong River dams?

These dams have disrupted the hydrology of the Mekong River and its tributaries. Unseasonal changes to water levels, flow rates, and turbidity are having ecologically negative synergistic effects, not only on areas immediately nearby these hydropower projects, but also on places many km away in neighboring countries.

How many dams has China built on the Mekong?

China has constructed 11 giant dams along the mountainous territory of the Upper Mekong to sustain its ever-increasing energy needs. The management of water flows has long been a concern for many living along the river.

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How many countries does the Mekong pass through?

The Mekong River is one of the world’s great rivers. Covering a distance of nearly 5,000 km from its source on the Tibetan Plateau in China to the Mekong Delta, the river flows through six countries: China, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Viet Nam.

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