Quick Answer: How Many Unexploded Ordnances In Laos Has Ngo Legacies Of War Removed?

How many bombs were dropped on Vietnam Laos and Cambodia?

Between 1965 and 1975, the United States and its allies dropped more than 7.5 million tons of bombs on Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia—double the amount dropped on Europe and Asia during World War II. Pound for pound, it remains the largest aerial bombardment in human history.

What country has the most unexploded ordnance?

Contamination from the Indochina Wars of the 1960s and 1970s left Laos with the world’s highest level of unexploded submunitions. Cluster munitions account for the bulk of UXO contamination in Laos; however, other explosive remnants of war and landmines also contributed to contamination during the wars.

How many unexploded bombs are there in Laos?

As estimated by the National Regulatory Authority for UXO/Mine Action Sector in Laos (NRA, 2009), among this ordnance, there were more than 270 million cluster bombs, 80 million of which remain buried, unexploded, and active since the war ended.

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How many UXO are there in Laos?

About one third of Laos remains contaminated with UXO left behind from the Vietnam War, including about 80 million cluster munitions.

Who won the secret war in Laos?

The North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao eventually emerged victorious in 1975, as part of the general communist victory in all of former French Indochina that year. A total of up to 300,000 people from Laos fled to neighboring Thailand following the Pathet Lao takeover.

Which country has most landmines?

Egypt as a Case Study. Egypt has been listed as the country most contaminated by landmines in the world with an estimate of approximately 23,000,000 landmines. Egypt is also considered as the fifth country with the most antipersonnel landmine per square mile.

Why does Egypt have so many landmines?

The area of north coast was contaminated as a result of hostilities between 1940 and 1943 involving Britain and its allies (including Egyptian forces) fighting German and Italian forces for control of North Africa.

What causes the greatest damage in an explosion?

Blast Effects Most damage comes from the explosive blast. The shock wave of air radiates outward, producing sudden changes in air pressure that can crush objects, and high winds that can knock objects down. For the most part, a nuclear blast kills people by indirect means rather than by direct pressure.

Why is Laos so poor?

According to the Asian Development Bank’s latest data from 2015, 23.2 percent of Laotians live below the poverty line, the second-highest poverty rate in Southeast Asia. Like many of its Southeast Asian neighbors, European colonial rule and a disturbing lack of freedom makes Laos poor.

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Can you drink alcohol in Laos?

Alcohol is free flowing and you may be encouraged to drink more than you’d like (although it’s also fine to tell your host you’re done drinking). You also might find that illegal drugs, especially marijuana and opium, are prevalent.

Is Laos safe for female Travellers?

Laos is considered to be one of the safest Asian countries for women. Solo female travelers in Laos should follow standard safety protocol by avoiding walking in unlit areas at night and staying aware of their surroundings.

Are there still unexploded bombs in Laos?

Now, some 80 million unexploded bombs and air-dropped cluster munitions left over continue to maim and kill Laotian men, women and children. They were dropped in their millions on Laos. Thousands of children have been killed or severely wounded by them, and Thor says they are “everywhere”.

Is Laos safe?

Crime and safety. Laos is a relatively safe country for travellers, although certain areas remain off-limits because of unexploded ordnance left over from decades of warfare. As a visitor, however, you’re an obvious target for thieves (who may include your fellow travellers), so do take necessary precautions.

Are unexploded bombs dangerous?

Unexploded ordnance, however old, may explode. Even if it does not explode, environmental pollutants are released as it degrades. Recovery, particularly of deeply-buried projectiles, is difficult and hazardous—jarring may detonate the charge.

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