Often asked: What Did The French Call Their Colonial Territory That Included Vietnam, Laos, And Cambodia?

What did the French call their holdings of Vietnam Laos and Cambodia?

Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.

What did the French call Vietnam?

In time, France had extended its control to encompass Laos, North and South Vietnam, and Cambodia, which they called French Indochina.

What was the name of the region while Vietnam Laos and Cambodia were colonized?

French Indochina was formed on October 17, 1887, from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam), and the Kingdom of Cambodia. Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.

When did French colonize Vietnam?

Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia.

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What was the war in Vietnam over?

The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. The war ended when U.S. forces withdrew in 1973 and Vietnam unified under Communist control two years later.

Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?

China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.

Why did the French lose in Vietnam?

The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. Duncanson records that Indochina once constituted the Associated States of Indochina – being Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.

What were the effects of French colonialism in Vietnam?

Colonialism also produced a physical transformation in Vietnamese cities. Traditional local temples, pagodas, monuments and buildings, some of which had stood for a millennium, were declared derelict and destroyed. Buildings of French architecture and style were erected in their place.

What were the Viet Minh fighting for?

The Vietnam Doc Lap Dong Minh (Vietnam Independence League), or Viet Minh as it would become known to the world, was a Communist front organization founded by Ho Chi Minh in 1941 to organize resistance against French colonial rule and occupying Japanese forces.

Why did France want Vietnam?

The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.

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Is Laos the same as Vietnam?

Vietnamese and Lao are two completely unrelated languages, even though the two countries are adjacent.

Who is the leader of the Viet Minh?

The political leader and founder of Việt Minh was Hồ Chí Minh. The military leadership was under the command of Võ Nguyên Giáp. Other founders were Lê Duẩn and Phạm Văn Đồng.

Who was Vietnam colonized by?

The French colonized Vietnam in the mid-1800s, and over the next century exploited the land and forced the people into indentured servitude. It was during this time that Ho Chi Minh began using the banners of communism and nationalism to unite Vietnam’s people.

Are there any French left in Vietnam?

In 2018, it was estimated that there were about 600,000 fluent speakers of French in Vietnam, accounting for slightly under 1% of the population. Nevertheless, Vietnam remains the largest Francophone country in Asia and is a full member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF).

Were the French involved in the Vietnam War?

France had been a long-time occupier of Vietnam before 1954. It wanted no part of the new conflict. After World War II, France reoccupied Vietnam as part of its attempt to reclaim its prewar empire. In 1954, Ho’s forces won a decisive victory at Dien Bien Phu and succeeded in evicting the French once and for all.

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