Often asked: How Would Laos Develop Without Dams?

Why is Laos building Mekong dams it doesn t need?

Critics say the projects are not driven by real electricity demands but by profit-seeking energy stakeholders, including the Laotian government, which has ambitions for the country to become the “battery of Southeast Asia.”

How many dams does Laos have?

Laos has already built 79 dams on the Mekong’s mainstream and tributaries on its way to building 100 dams by 2030, according to the country’s ministry of energy and mines. The government of the landlocked and impoverished country has turned to dams, built through loans, as a financial lifeline.

Are dams killing the Mekong River?

The swirling currents of the once mighty Mekong, shrunk by drought and increasingly crippled by dams, point towards an unprecedented crisis of water governance along the more than 4,900km of South-east Asia’s longest river. China embarked on a massive dam programme with 11 dams already operating on the Upper Mekong.

How many dams on Mekong River?

Eleven massive dams straddle the mighty Mekong River before it leaves China and flows into Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and on into Vietnam.

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Why was the Xayaburi dam built?

The main purpose of the dam is to produce hydroelectric power, 95% of which is to be purchased by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). The project is surrounded in controversy due to complaints from downstream riparians and environmentalists.

How many hydropower dams are in Laos?

There are sixteen hydro power projects in Laos that use dams to store or divert water for electricity generation. The highest dam built so far is the 185 m rockfill and concrete face dam at the Nam Ngum 2 project.

What type of government does Laos have?

The politics of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (commonly known as Laos) takes place in the framework of a one-party socialist republic. The only legal political party is the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP). The de jure head of state is President Bounnhang Vorachith.

How many dams has China built on the Mekong?

China has constructed 11 giant dams along the mountainous territory of the Upper Mekong to sustain its ever-increasing energy needs. The management of water flows has long been a concern for many living along the river.

How many dams has China built?

Dams and reservoirs in China are numerous and have had a profound effect on the country’s development and people. According to the World Commission on Dams in 2000, there were 22,104 dams over the height of 15 m (49 ft) operating in China.

How is China destroying the Mekong River?

A U.S.-government funded study by research and consulting firm, Eyes on Earth, found that Chinese dams are holding back large amounts of water upstream on the Mekong, which exacerbated a severe drought in the Southeast Asian countries downstream last year. China dismissed the scientific report as “groundless.”

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Who built the first dam in the world?

The first constructed dams were gravity dams, which are straight dam made of masonry (stone brick) or concrete that resists the water load by means of weight..” Around 2950-2750 B.C, the ancient Egyptians built the first known dam to exist.

What is wrong with the Mekong River?

impacts, such as diminished river- bank agricultural and fishing opportunities. High exposure to severe storms, large populations living in low-lying areas, and relatively low adaptive capacity of institutions make Greater Mekong countries extremely vulnerable to climate change.

How do dams destroy ecosystems?

Dams change the way rivers function. They can trap sediment, burying rock riverbeds where fish spawn. Gravel, logs, and other important food and habitat features can also become trapped behind dams. This negatively affects the creation and maintenance of more complex habitat (e.g., riffles, pools) downstream.

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