FAQ: Which Of The Following Diseases Is Not One Of The Major Cause Of Infant Mortality In Laos?

What causes infant mortality in Somalia?

Pneumonia, diarrhea, diseases, polio, measles and neonatal disorders are among the leading causes contributing to the high infant and child mortality rate in Somalia.

What are 3 main reasons for infant mortality in the US?

Causes of Infant Mortality

  • Birth defects.
  • Preterm birth and low birth weight.
  • Maternal pregnancy complications.
  • Sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

What are the main causes of infant mortality in rural India?

Birth asphyxia, LBW/prematurity and infections remain the main causes of infant mortality.

What is a major cause of infant mortality worldwide?

Causes of newborn death The three major causes of neonatal deaths worldwide are infections (36%, which includes sepsis/pneumonia, tetanus and diarrhoea), pre-term (28%), and birth asphyxia (23%). There is some variation between countries depending on their care configurations.

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What diseases are in Somalia?

Disease surveillance and control: The common causes of morbidity and mor- tality are: 1) diarrhoeal diseases, includ- ing cholera; 2) Tuberculosis; 3) malaria, which affects mainly pregnant women and children under five; and 4) measles. There have been no confirmed polio cases in Somalia since 2002.

What is the leading cause of death in Somalia?

According to World Health Organization (WHO), lower respiratory infections is still the leading cause of deaths in Somalia, followed by diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malnutrition, tuberculosis, meningitis and maternal conditions.

What is the number 1 cause of infant death?

Some of the leading causes of infant death in the United States include the following: birth defects; prematurity/low birthweight; sudden infant death syndrome; maternal complications of pregnancy and respiratory distress syndrome.

Which is the leading cause of death in infants younger than 1 year?

SIDS is the leading cause of death among infants 1 month to 1 year old, and remains unpredictable despite years of research. Even so, the risk of SIDS can be greatly reduced. Most important: babies younger than 1 year old should be placed on their backs to sleep — never facedown on their stomachs or on their sides.

Which disease is the leading cause of infant mortality What is its main cause class 9?

From the end of the neonatal period and through the first 5 years of life, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhoea, birth defects and malaria. Malnutrition is the underlying contributing factor, making children more vulnerable to severe diseases.

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What are the main causes of maternal mortality?

The major complications that account for nearly 75% of all maternal deaths are (4):

  • severe bleeding (mostly bleeding after childbirth)
  • infections (usually after childbirth)
  • high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)
  • complications from delivery.
  • unsafe abortion.

How can we prevent child mortality?

Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortality

  1. Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding.
  2. Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.
  3. Access to nutrition and micronutrients.
  4. Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.
  5. Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.
  6. Immunizations.

What is it called when a newborn dies?

A neonatal death (also called a newborn death) is when a baby dies during the first 28 days of life. Most neonatal deaths happen in the first week after birth. Neonatal death is different from stillbirth. A stillbirth is when the baby dies at any time between 20 weeks of pregnancy and the due date of birth.

Which country has the highest rate of infant mortality?

Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate of 110.6.

Which country has the highest child mortality rate?

The country with the highest infant mortality rate is the Central African Republic where close to 9% of all infants die. The country with the lowest infant mortality rate today is Iceland at 0.16%. The chances of an infant surviving there are 170-times higher than in the past.

What is the effect of mortality?

The effect of mortality on population structures is to reduce the component of the population in which the mortality occurs. Historically, the most dangerous ages were infancy and old age (variously reckoned according to circumstances).

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